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제 6기 국민건강영양조사 자료(2015)를 활용한 대사증후군 유병과 근로시간에 관한 연구

A Study on the Relationship Between Metabolic Syndrome and the Number of Work Hours Based on Data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015)

한국식생활문화학회지 2019년 34권 4호 p.486 ~ 494
김경윤 ( Kim Kyoung-Yun ) - 전남대학교 식품영양과학부

신현지 ( Shin Hyun-Ji ) - 전남대학교 교육대학원 영양교육전공
윤정미 ( Yun Jung-Mi ) - 전남대학교 식품영양과학부

Abstract


There are an increasing number of reports that job related factors are associated with hypertension, sleep deprivation,obesity and diabetes. This study analyzed the relationship of working type, working hours and the prevalence of metabolicsyndrome. The study’s subjects were 2,777 employees (1,446 males and 1,331 females) over 19 years old and their datawas from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Survey (2015). The type of work was divided into day work and shiftwork. The working hours were divided into less than 40 hours, 40 to 49 hours, 50 to 59 hours and 60 hours or more perweek. As a result of this study, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 26.4% of the males and 19.1% of the females.
Generally there was no relationship between metabolic syndrome and type of work (day work and shift work). As a resultof analysis of working hours and metabolic syndrome, the workers who worked 40-49 hr were associated with a decreasedprevalence of metabolic syndrome as compared to that of workers who worked less than 40 hr (odds ratio: 0.47, 95%confidence interval: 0.24-0.95, p<0.05). Further, positive relationships were found between the number of work hours andthe prevalence metabolic syndrome for specific females who worked over 40 hr/wk. It can be concluded from the results thatit is important to help workers avoid metabolic syndrome through setting appropriate work hours.

키워드

Metabolic syndrome; working type; working hours; nutrient intake
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