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인천지역 일부 고등학생의 아침결식에 따른 식행동 및 식사의 질 평가

Evaluation of Dietary Behaviors and Dietary Quality of High School Students in Incheon according to Breakfast Skipping

한국식생활문화학회지 2019년 34권 6호 p.726 ~ 738
이현정 ( Lee Hyun-Jung ) - 공주대학교 식품과학부

김은미 ( Kim Eun-Mi ) - 공주대학교 영양교육대학원
김미현 ( Kim Mi-Hyun ) - 공주대학교 식품과학부

Abstract


This study examined the dietary behaviors and dietary quality of high school students according to the number of timesthey skipped breakfast. A total of 474 high school students (225 boys and 249 girls) residing in Incheon participated in thissurvey. The subjects were divided into the three groups according to the frequency of eating breakfast; Regualr (eatingbreakfast everyday, n=226), Irregualar (eating breakfast 1~6 times/week, n=143, and Skipping (skipping breakfasteveryday, n=105). The dietary quality was assessed using a nutrient quotient for adolescents (NQ-A). A higher monthlyallowance and a higher rate of working mothers were significantly associated with a higher frequency of skipping breakfast.
A higher intake frequency of processed beverages, and street food was significantly associated with a higher frequency ofskipping breakfast. Students who had a higher rate of breakfast skipping had significantly lower intake frequency of fruits,white milk, bean and bean products, and fish. The high frequency of skipping breakfast among high school students wasassociated with lower dietary quality, as illustrated by the low total NQ-A score and sub group score including balance,environment, and practice. This information can inform efforts to provide nutrition education program to promote breakfastconsumption and guidelines to students who skipped breakfast frequently.

키워드

Skipping breakfast; dietary behaviors; dietary quality; high school students
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