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광주광역시 광산구 보육시설 유아의 식행동과 식품알레르기 발생 현황

Dietary Behaviors of Preschool Children and Food Allergy Prevalence of Preschool Childcare Facilities in Gwangsan-gu, Gwangju Metropolitan City

한국식생활문화학회지 2020년 35권 1호 p.97 ~ 106
양은주 ( Yang Eun-Ju ) - 호남대학교 식품영양학과

Abstract


This study aimed to evaluate dietary behaviors and food allergy status of preschool children in Gwangsan-gu, GwangjuMetropolitan city. The survey included 592 preschool children aged 1-5 years old in 31 childcare facilities. Generalcharacteristics, feeding type, complementary feeding, food allergy, dietary behaviors based on the NQ-P questionnaire, anddietary habits of their family were considered. Exclusively breast-fed children was 32.2% of the subjects and the breastfeeding duration was 6.5 months. Subjects who had complementary feeding within 6 months was 77.2% and starting timeof complementary feeding was 6.1 months. Fifteen percent of the subjects had food allergies and foods that induced allergywere instant foods, eggs, milk and dairy products, nuts, seafood. Food allergy was not related to breast feeding norcomplementary feeding. The NQ-P score and its 3 factors including ‘balance’, ‘moderation’, and ‘environment’ were 59.9,61.1, 56.0, 62.6, respectively. There were positive relations between children’s dietary behaviors and family dietary habitssuch as breakfast eating frequency and meal regularity. As age of children increased, instant food intake increased andbreakfast eating frequency decreased. Proper nutrition education is needed to children, their parents, and their care giversat childcare facilities to improve children’s dietary behavior and health.

키워드

Dietary behaviors; preschool children; NQ-P (nutrition quotient for preschoolers); food allergy
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