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국내 이주근로자의 주관적 건강에 미치는 영향요인

Factors associated with the self-rated health of migrant workers in Korea

보건교육건강증진학회지 2019년 36권 3호 p.37 ~ 50
채덕희 ( Chae Duck-Hee ) - 전남대학교 간호학과

김자선 ( Kim Ja-Seon ) - 전남대학교 일반대학원 간호학과
아사미 게이꼬 ( Asami Keiko ) - 전남대학교 일반대학원 간호학과
김종대 ( Kim Jong-Dae ) - 서울대학교 경영대학

Abstract


Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the self-rated health of migrant workers and to compare the difference between factors according to the length of stay.

Methods: Study subjects were 8,696 migrant workers in Korea who worked at least 40 hours a week. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.

Results: Of the subjects, 24.1% rated their health as poor. In the group with more than 10 years of residence in Korea, two times more people rated their health poor than the group of less than 3 years. Factors associated with health were relationship satisfaction, life satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, roommates, discrimination, residential environment satisfaction, unmet health needs, job satisfaction, and income satisfaction. Regardless of the length of stay, relationship satisfaction, unmet health needs, and job satisfaction were common influences. As the length of stay increased, while the significance of employment insurance and life satisfaction decreased, leisure satisfaction, income satisfaction, and Korean language ability increased.

Conclusions: The findings suggest that measures to protect the health of migrant workers should begin early in migration. Furthermore, for influencing factors differ depending on the length of residence, health policies for migrant workers should be developed according to the different lengths.

키워드

migrants; health; factors
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