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유산소 운동이 고혈압 환자의 혈중지질, 체중 및 체질량지수에 미치는 효과: 체계적 문헌고찰 및 메타분석

Effect of Aerobic Exercise on Serum Lipids, Weight and Body Mass Index in Patients with Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science 2020년 22권 1호 p.11 ~ 22
채영란 ( Chae Young-Ran ) - 강원대학교 간호대학

이선희 ( Lee Sun-Hee ) - 강원대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise on serum lipids, body weight, and body mass index in adults with hypertension using a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: Six electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, CINAHL, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus) and five domestic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials studies. We used random effect models to derive weighted mean differences (WMD) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) of aerobic exercise on serum lipids, body weight, and body mass index.

Results: Nineteen studies met our inclusion criteria. In comparison with the control group, triglyceride level (TG) (-13.49 mg/dL, 95% CI: -26.74 to -0.24) and body weight (-0.62 kg, 95% CI: -1.08 to -0.16) difference between follow-up and baseline was significantly reduced in the aerobic exercise group. However, no difference was found in total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and body mass index (BMI).

Conclusion: Aerobic exercise is effective in reducing the TG level and body weight in adults with hypertension. In order to improve levels of serum TC, LDL-C and HDL-C of hypertensive patients, it’s needed to combine other intervention methods such as diet therapy.

키워드

고혈압; 유산소 운동; 지질; 체중; 체질량지수
Hypertension; Exercise; Lipids; Body weight; Body mass index
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