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뇌졸중 환자의 식이지식 및 식이교육 요구도 관련 요인

The Factors Associated with Dietary Knowledge and Educational Needs of Stroke Patients

Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science 2020년 22권 1호 p.61 ~ 70
백지현 ( Baek Ji-Hyun ) - 서울대학교 간호대학

최스미 ( Choi-Kwon Smi ) - 서울대학교 간호대학
박다인 ( Park Da-In ) - 서울대학교 간호대학
홍은지 ( Hong Eun-Ji ) - 제6보병사단 의무근무대
윤병우 ( Yoon Byung-Woo ) - 서울대학교병원 신경과

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of the this study was to examine the dietary knowledge and educational needs of stroke patients and analyze the related factors that are associated with dietary knowledge and educational needs.

Methods: Our study analyzed data from 146 stroke patients. The survey was conducted by individual interviews using questionnaires and data collected from participants’ medical records. Dietary knowledge and educational needs were measured by tools developed by the author.

Results: The mean scores for the dietary knowledge and educational needs were 19.09±3.48 and 36.17±7.18, respectively. Many stroke patients had misconceptions about soy sauce, cholesterol, and fruits. The most needed items in dietary education was first identifying foods that are beneficial or harmful, and second, food interaction with medications. As for the results of multiple regressions, dietary knowledge was significantly associated with gender, educational attainment, monthly income, exercise, body mass index, and level of compliance to dietary therapy. Additionally, the educational needs were significantly related with educational attainment and employment.

Conclusion: For secondary prevention of stroke patients, education strategy considering dietary knowledge and educational needs of stroke patients should be established. Special attention is needed for stroke patients with a lower level of dietary knowledge and educational needs.

키워드

뇌졸중; 식이; 지식; 교육 요구 평가
Stroke; Diet; Knowledge; Needs Assessment
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