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Evaluation of Flow Pattern in the Ascending Aorta in Patients with Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot Using Four-Dimensional Flow Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Korean Journal of Radiology 2019년 20권 9호 p.1334 ~ 1341
 ( Lee Su-Ji ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Radiology

 ( Kim Young-Jin ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Radiology
 ( Jung Jo-Won ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Pediatrics
 ( Choi Jae-Young ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Pediatrics
 ( Park Han-Ki ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Cardiovascular Hospital Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
 ( Shin Yu-Rim ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Cardiovascular Hospital Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
 ( Choi Byung-Wook ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Radiology

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate flow pattern characteristics in the ascending aorta (AA) with four-dimensional (4D)-flow MRI and to determine predictors of aortic dilatation late after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair.

Materials and Methods: This study included 44 patients with repaired TOF (25 males and 19 females; mean age, 28.9 ± 8.4 years) and 11 volunteers (10 males and 1 female, mean age, 33.7 ± 8.8 years) who had undergone 4D-flow MRI. The aortic diameters, velocity, wall shear stress (WSS), flow jet angle (FJA), and flow displacement (FD) at the level of the sinotubular junction (STJ) and mid-AA were compared between the repaired TOF and volunteer groups. The hemodynamic and clinical parameters were also compared between the aortic dilatation and non-dilatation subgroups in the repaired TOF group.

Results: The diameters of the sinus of Valsalva, STJ, and AA were significantly higher in the repaired TOF group than in the volunteer group (p = 0.002, p < 0.001, and p = 0.013, respectively). The FJAs at the STJ and AA were significantly greater in the repaired TOF group (p < 0.001 and p = 0.003, respectively), while velocities and WSS parameters were significantly lower. FD showed no statistically significant difference (p = 0.817). In subgroup analysis, age at TOF repair was significantly higher (p = 0.039) and FJA at the level of the AA significantly greater (p = 0.003) and mean WSS were significantly lower (p = 0.039) in the aortic dilatation group. FD were higher in the aortic dilatation group without statistical significance (p = 0.217).

Conclusion: Patients with repaired TOF have an increased FJA, dilated AA, and secondarily decreased WSS. In addition to known risk factors, flow eccentricity may affect aortic dilatation in patients with repaired TOF.

키워드

Corrected tetralogy of Fallot; Aorta dilatation; Four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging
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