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Uterine Artery Embolization for Leiomyomas and Adenomyosis: A Pictorial Essay Based on Our Experience from 1300 Cases

Korean Journal of Radiology 2019년 20권 10호 p.1462 ~ 1473
 ( Kim Man-Deuk ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Severance Hospital Department of Radiology

Abstract


Since its introduction in 1995, uterine artery embolization (UAE) has become an established option for the treatment of leiomyomas. Identification of a leiomyoma using arteriography improves the ability to perform effective UAE. UAE is not contraindicated in a pedunculated subserosal leiomyoma. UAE in a cervical leiomyoma remains a challenging procedure. A leiomyoma with high signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging responds well to UAE, but a malignancy with similar radiological features should not be misdiagnosed as a leiomyoma. Administration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists before UAE is useful in selected patients and is not a contraindication for the procedure. The risk of subsequent re-intervention 5 years after UAE is approximately 10%, which represents an acceptable profile. UAE for adenomyosis is challenging; initial embolization using small particles can achieve better success than that by using larger particles. An intravenous injection of dexamethasone prior to UAE, followed by a patient-controlled analgesia pump and intra-arterial administration of lidocaine after the procedure, are useful techniques to control pain. Dexmedetomidine is an excellent supplemental sedative, showing a fentanyl-sparing effect without causing respiratory depression. UAE for symptomatic leiomyoma is safe and can be an alternative to surgery in most patients with a low risk of re-intervention.

키워드

Uterine artery embolization; Leiomyoma; Adenomyosis; Uterus; MRI
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