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Influencing Factors on Infant Mothers’ Happiness

한국모자보건학회지 2019년 23권 4호 p.220 ~ 231
서성종 ( Seo Seong-Jong ) - 경남정보대학교 간호학과

조헌하 ( Cho Hun-Ha ) - 고신대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to provide preliminary data for a nursing intervention plan to promote happiness of mothers with infants. Therefore, factors affecting happiness of mothers with infants were investigated.

Methods: Subjects were 142 mothers with children aged 1 to 3 years, in daycare centers and kindergartens located in Busan metropolitan city. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires.

Results: Pressures pertaining to the parental role and distress related to subfactors of parenting stress, leisure activity (among subfactors of fathers’ involvement in parenting), and marital satisfaction were significant predictors of happiness for mothers with infants. These variables explained 47.6% of the differences in happiness of mothers with infants.

Conclusion: Based on the above results, mothers with infants are happier when pressure and distress from parenting decrease and leisure activities resulting from fathers’ involvement in parenting and marital satisfaction increase. Therefore, to increase the happiness of mothers with infants, the development of a nursing intervention program is necessary. Specific goals of the program should include promoting leisure activity (as fathers become more involved in parenting), decreasing distress from parenting, and improving marital satisfaction levels.

키워드

Father; Infant; Involvement; Happiness; Mother; Parenting
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