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초.중.고등학생들의 2017?2018 절기 인플루엔자 예방접종률과 관련 요인

Factors Associated with the 2017?2018 Seasonal Influenza Vaccination Coverage among Elementary, Middle, and High School Students

한국모자보건학회지 2019년 23권 4호 p.280 ~ 291
이석구 ( Lee Sok-Goo ) - 충남대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실

전소연 ( Jeon So-Youn ) - 대전보건대학교 응급구조학과

Abstract


Purpose: During the 2017?2018 season, influenza vaccination among elementary, middle, and high school students was not supported by the government. As vaccines that are not included in the national immunization schedule are not registered in the computerized national immunization registry, vaccination rates in these groups during this season remain unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to estimate the vaccination rate among elementary, middle, and high school students during the 2017?2018 influenza season.

Methods: A total of 1,910 student’s parents (690 elementary school students; 611 middle school students; 609 high school students) participated in this survey. The survey involved a computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI). The following information related to participants’ 2017?2018 seasonal influenza vaccination status were collected: date, type, provider, and data source. Other data collected included student’s sex, grade, area of residence, and birth order, and parent’s age, educational level, and job status.

Results: The influenza vaccination rate for the 2017?2018 season was 70.1%, 48.9%, and 35.9% for elementary, middle, and high school students, respectively. Factors that were significantly related to the influenza vaccination rate in the 2017?2018 season were student’s sex, grade, area of residence and birth order, and parent’s age, educational level, and job status.

Conclusion: In the future, it will be necessary to conduct regular assessments of the rate of seasonal influenza vaccination to inform national policy development regarding seasonal influenza infectious diseases control or as an evaluation tool for vaccine programs.

키워드

Seasonal influenza; Vaccine coverage; Elementary school; Middle school; High school; Students
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