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An atypical presentation of leiomyosarcoma causing extremity compartment syndrome of the crural region in a Dutch Warmblood mare: a case report

Journal of Veterinary Science 2020년 21권 1호 p.3 ~ 3
 ( Giacchi Andrea ) - University of Glasgow School of Veterinary Medicine

 ( Marcatili Marco ) - University of Glasgow School of Veterinary Medicine
 ( Withers Jonathan ) - University of Glasgow School of Veterinary Medicine
 ( Knottenbelt Derek ) - University of Glasgow School of Veterinary Medicine

Abstract


A 12-year-old Warmblood mare was presented with an acute onset left hindlimb lameness associated with generalised soft tissue swelling of the entire limb and medial saphenous vein (MSV) thrombophlebitis. A presumptive diagnosis of extremity compartment syndrome (ECS) was made. Due to the clinical deterioration, emergency fasciotomy of the crural fascia and biopsy was performed. Histological and immunohistochemical examination of the samples confirmed a diagnosis of leiomyosarcoma likely originating from the tunica media of the MSV. This report is the first to describe an unique combination of ECS and thrombophlebitis associated with a leiomyosarcoma in a horse.

키워드

Horse; extremity compartment syndrome; leiomyosarcoma; neoplasia; lameness
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