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Analysis of Integrons and Antimicrobial Resistances of Multidrug Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea

Journal of Bacteriology and Virology 2019년 49권 4호 p.176 ~ 190
 ( Yang Yun-Yi ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Microbiology

서민호 ( Suh Min-Ho ) - Keimyung University School of Medicine Department of Microbiology

Abstract


Antibacterial drugs are one of the most important therapeutic agents of bacterial infections but multidrug resistant Escherichia coli (MDREC) is an increasing problem worldwide. Major resistance mechanism of MDREC is horizontal gene transfer of R plasmids harboring integrons, which the integron integrase (IntI) catalyzes gene cassette insertion and excision through site specific recombination. In this study, resistance profiles of integron harboring E. coli isolated in Korea and the genetic environments of integron gene cassettes were analyzed by PCR and direct sequencing to clarify the mechanisms of spread of integron harboring E. coli. Resistance rates of integron harboring E. coli, including β-lactams, aminoglycosides, and fluoroquinolones and MDR frequencies were significantly higher than that of E. coli without integron (p<0.01). Majority (80%) of integron harboring E. coli showed resistance transfer by conjugation. Most (80%) of E. coli had dfrA17-aadA5 cassette array and PcH1 hybrid promoter; 16.7% of E. coli had dfrA12-orfF-aadA2 cassette array and PcW promoter. The higher prevalence of weak Pc variants among most (96.7%) of integron harboring MDREC suggests that a flexible cassette array is more important than enhanced expression. All the integrons had LexA binding motif suggests that SOS responses control the expression of these integrons. In conclusion, the genetic bases of integrons were diverse, and the spread and the expression of prevalent gene cassette arrays may be deeply related with strengths of Pc promoters in integrons. These informations will provide important knowledge to control the increase of integron harboring MDREC.

키워드

Integron; Gene Cassette; Promoter; MDR Escherichia coli
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