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독거노인과 가족동거노인의 가구형태가 혈압, 체질량지수, 간이영양평가점수 및 생화학적 지표에 미치는 영향

Effects of Household Type on Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, Mini Nutritional Assessment Score, and Biochemical Indicators in Elderly Individuals Living Alone and with Familie

가정간호학회지 2019년 26권 2호 p.210 ~ 218
남은정 ( Nam Eun-Jeong ) - 수원대학교

이종은 ( Lee Jong-Eun ) - 가톨릭대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the nutritional status of elderly individuals according to their household types and to investigate the predictors of their nutritional status.

Methods: This study, which was a descriptive research study, involved physical measurements, surveys, and biochemical tests in 87 elderly individuals living in the community. Using SPSS/Win 24.0, logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the general characteristics, blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), mini nutritional assessment (MNA) score, and biochemical indicators in elderly individuals according to the household type.

Results: Elderly individuals living with family members had higher MNA scores than those of elderly individuals living alone, while showing lower levels of systolic blood pressure and fasting blood sugar. The results of the logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors were MNA scores (odds ratio (OR)=1.81, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.36?2.42), systolic blood pressure (OR=0.96, 95% CI=0.92?1.00), and fasting blood glucose (OR=0.94, 95% CI=0.90?0.99).

Conclusion: It was confirmed that elderly individuals living alone need differentiated nutrition intervention, since the results showed that they had lower nutritional levels and improper nutritional management than that in elderly individuals living with family members.

키워드

노인; 독거; 영양상태
Aged; Independent living; Nutritional status
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