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가정전문간호사의 의사소통 유형에 따른 주돌봄자의 자기효능감과 스트레스 대처방식

Primary Caregivers' Self-Efficacy and Stress Coping Strategy According to Home Care Nurses' Communication Styles

가정간호학회지 2019년 26권 2호 p.219 ~ 229
김묘선 ( Kim Myo-Sun ) - 대전을지대학교병원

전은영 ( Jun Eun-Young ) - 대전대학교 간호학과

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the difference between primary caregivers' self-efficacy and coping strategy according to the communication styles of home care nurses.

Methods: Data were collected from 123 primary caregivers of patients who were registered at a home care nursing center in D city and who had been receiving home care for more than 3 months from January 1 to February 27, 2018. The questionnaire included items on communication style, self-efficacy, and stress coping strategy. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA.

Results: Regarding primary caregivers' self?efficacy in terms of communication style, the caregivers showed higher efficacy in providing informative and friendly communication (F=14.07, p=.001). Regarding home care nurses’ communication style and the stress coping strategy of the primary caregivers, the informative-friendly communication style was adopted the most for the problem-solving coping strategy (F=7.17, p=.001). Regarding the social support-seeking coping, home care nurses' friendly communication style was the most adopted (F=4.40, p=.014).

Conclusion: This study suggests that home care nurses will plan to provide informative and friendly communication?oriented nursing care, and to improve self-efficacy and positively influence the coping method by using the communication styles appropriate to the state of the primary caregiver.

키워드

가정간호; 의사소통; 주돌봄자; 자기효능감; 스트레스 대처
Home nursing; Communication; Caregivers; Self efficacy; Coping skills
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