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응급실 간호사의 언어폭력경험과 공감피로 및 직무열의의 관계

The Relationship between Experience of Verbal Abuse, Compassion Fatigue, and Work Engagement in Emergency Nurses

가정간호학회지 2019년 26권 3호 p.300 ~ 308
김희준 ( Kim Hee-Jun ) - 아주대학교병원

이영진 ( Lee Young-Jin ) - 아주대학교 간호대학
유문숙 ( Yoo Moon-Sook ) - 아주대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: This study is a descriptive research study to identify the relationship between the experience of verbal abuse, compassion fatigue, and work engagement among nurses in the emergency unit.

Methods: Study subjects were 107 nurses working in a university hospital in Gyeonggi-Do. The instruments used were a verbal abuse checklist, a subscale of the Professional Quality of Life Scale used to measure compassion fatigue, and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS version 22.0 program for independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficients.

Results: Emergency nurses experienced more verbal abuse and compassion fatigue than nurses in other departments, and the level of work engagement was low. There was a positive correlation between experience of verbal abuse and compassion fatigue and a negative correlation between both of these variables and work engagement. Particularly, verbal abuse appeared in the order of nurses, patients & caregivers, and doctors. This means there were serious problems with communication with nurses.

Conclusion: In order to reduce verbal abuse, it is necessary to establish a communication culture of mutual respect between nurses, medical staff, patients & caregivers. Moreover, a compassion fatigue management program is needed to reduce emotional fatigue.

키워드

응급실 간호; 직장폭력; 공감피로; 직무열의
Emergency nursing; Workplace violence; Compassion fatigue; Work engagement
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