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남녀 대학생의 성평등 의식과 성희롱 경험의 차이와 성희롱 해결방안: 혼합연구방법의 적용

An Exploratory Mixed Method Study on Comparing Gender Egalitarianism and Sexual Harassment Experience and Resolution

경북간호과학지 2020년 24권 1호 p.38 ~ 52
유지민 ( Yoo Ji-Min ) - 경북대학교 간호대학

문주영 ( Moon Ju-Yong ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
손주향 ( Son Ju-Hyang ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
이은주 ( Lee Eun-Joo ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
김창현 ( Kim Chang-Hyeon ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
강다현 ( Kang Da-Hyeon ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
이태영 ( Lee Tae-Yeong ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
정연우 ( Jung Yeon-U ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
이정훈 ( Lee Jung-Hoon ) - 경북대학교 간호대학
송영숙 ( Song Yeong-Suk ) - 경북대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: This study is for comparing gender egalitarianism and sexual harassment experienced by gender and providing a basis for the solution of sexual harassment.

Methods: A mixed method design was used. Quantitative data were collected from 198 university and college students, and qualitative data were collected from 154 university and college students from an open-ended question on resolutions of sexual harassment.

Results: The quantitative data represent that the average score of gender egalitarianism of female students and male students was 104.88±7.32 and 87.20±13.13, respectively. The average score of sexual harassment of female students and male students was 50.89±16.75 and 42.09±10.83 respectively. The Qualitative data indicated that the common resolutions of sexual harassment in female and male categories were classified by 4 main topics of education, regulation, improving awareness and personal behavior.

Conclusions: Accordingly, it would be effective to prevent sexual harassment problem by subdividing the sexual education program systematically and strengthening the laws and regulations of punishment for offenders. It is needed to figure out sexual harassment occurrences, especially in each university and college, and make an effort to develop strict punishment regulations and organized manuals in advance.

키워드

성평등; 성별; 성희롱
Social justice; Gender identity; Sexual harassment
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