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청소년의 에너지 음료 섭취수준에 따른 식습관, 생활습관 및 정신건강 관련 특성: 제10-13차 청소년 건강행태 온라인 조사를 이용하여

Energy Drink Consumption and Dietary-, Lifestyle-, and Mental Health-Related Behaviors in Korean Adolescents: Based on the 10th?13th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-Based Survey

대한임상건강증진학회지 2019년 19권 3호 p.145 ~ 154
오지원 ( Oh Ji-Won ) - 경희대학교 교육대학원 영양교육전공

정자용 ( Chung Ja-Yong ) - 경희대학교 생활과학대학 식품영양학과

Abstract


Background: Energy drinks (EDs), functional beverages with high concentrations of caffeine, can cause health risks. This study examined the frequency of ED consumption and related factors in Korean adolescents.

Methods: Data from the 10th-13th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used, and a total of 137,101 boys and 130,806 girls were included in the final analyses. Differences in ED consumption and asso- ciated factors were analyzed using the Rao-Scott chi- square test and a multivariate logistic regression analysis, reflecting of the complex sample design.

Results: In total, 17.3% boys and 12.9% girls consumed EDs more than once a week (P<0.001). In particular, 24.2% of all high-school students in the 12th grade consumed more than three EDs a week. After adjusting for confounding factors, a multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that higher ED consumption was sig- nificantly associated with a higher soda, sweet-drink, and fast food intake; skipping breakfast; a lower vegeta- ble intake; depression; suicidal thoughts; sleep deprivation; and increased smoking and alcohol drinking.

Conclusions: ED consumption is associated with undesirable dietary-, lifestyle-, and mental health-related be- haviors, suggesting the need for appropriate nutrition education in adolescents.

키워드

Adolescent; Energy drinks; Dietary habit; Life style; Mental health
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