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한국인 중산층 근로자의 사회심리적 요인에 따른 우울경험: 생애주기 별 비교분석

Experience of Depression regarding Psychosocial Factors in Middle-class Korea Workers: Comparison of Life Cycle Analysis

한국직업건강간호학회지 2020년 29권 1호 p.49 ~ 57
강보라 ( Kang Bo-Ra ) - 을지대학교병원

오희영 ( Oh Hee-Young ) - 을지대학교 간호학과
서영주 ( Seo Young-Ju ) - 을지대학교병원
길은하 ( Gil Eun-Ha ) - 대전과학기술대학교 간호학과
조아라 ( Jo Ah-Ra ) - 송호대학교 간호학과

Abstract


Purpose: This study aimed to identify and compare the risk factors of depression among middle-class Korean workers.

Methods: A cross sectional study was designed for secondary data analysis. From the 8th Korean Medical Panel Survey (2008~2013), a total of 3,056 data was drawn and analyzed. With SPSS version 24, a developmental stage comparison, with the stage being young adults (20~39), middle-aged adults (40~64), and older adults (65+) were conducted. Frequency, percentage, x2 test and logistic regression analysis were statistical tools used to analyze the data.

Results: In all developmental groups, experience of frustration was found to be a common risk factor of depression. Stress from excessive task, peer-compared subjective health status, and self-perceived social class were risk factors of depression in the young adults and the middle-aged adults. Anxiety for the future significantly influenced depression in the middle-aged adults and older adults.

Conclusion: Experience of frustration was a major risk factor of depression among Korean middle-class workers. Interventions to reduce depression need to be developed focusing on the specific risk factors by developmental stages such as experience of frustration, stress from task burden, poor peer-compared subjective health status and anxiety for the future.

키워드

우울; 심리사회적 박탈; 정신건강; 중산층; 근로자
Depression; Psychosocial deprivation; Mental health; Social class population; Labor
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