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한국근로자의 직장 내 유해인자 노출과 장기적인 건강문제의 관련성: 제5차 근로환경조사를 이용하여

Relationship between Workplace Hazard Exposures and Chronic Health Problems in Korea: The Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey

한국직업건강간호학회지 2020년 29권 1호 p.58 ~ 68
김윤희 ( Kim Yun-Hee ) - 전남대학교 대학원 보건학과

Abstract


Purpose: Workers with chronic health problems find it difficult to maintain their work because of socioeconomic difficulties. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between physical, ergonomic, and mental health hazards in the workplace and chronic health problems of Korean workers.

Methods: A total of 28,807 wage workers participated in the study and were selected using the Fifth Korean Working Conditions Survey (2017). Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the associations between physical, ergonomic, and mental health hazards and chronic health problems.

Results: Of the participants, 1,220 (4.23%) had chronic health problems. Even after adjusting the general characteristics, vibration, noise, high temperature, low temperature, dust, chemical and cigarette smoke, fatigue and painful posture, dragging or pushing or moving of heavy objects, repetitive hand or arm movements, working with a computer or smartphone, use of internet or e-mail, and anxiety situations increased the risk of chronic health problems.

Conclusion: The study reaffirms that exposure of physical, ergonomic, and mental health hazards in the workplace significantly increases the risk of chronic health problems.

키워드

장기적인 건강문제; 유해인자; 노출; 근로환경조사; 근로자
Chronic health problems; Hazard; Exposure; KWCS; Worker
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