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파킨슨병 환자의 말 특성과 언어치료 관련 국내문헌연구

A Study of Korean Literature Review Related to Speech Characteristics and Speech Therapy in Patients with Parkinson Disease

대한후두음성언어의학회지 2019년 30권 2호 p.87 ~ 94
강하늘 ( Kang Ha-Neul ) - 아름다운목소리 이비인후과

유재연 ( Yoo Jea-Yeon ) - 호남대학교 언어치료학과

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to investigate the speech characteristics and speech therapy of Parkinson disease (PD). This study selected 28 papers published in Korea from 1998 to 2018 after searching the terms ‘Parkinson voice‘ and ‘Parkinson speech therapy.’ Literature review had been conducted in the two aspects of speech characteristics and speech therapy. The speech characteristics were divided into respiration, phonation, articulation, prosody, vowel production, and voice questionnaire. Speech therapy was divided into Lee Sliverman voice treatment (LSVT) and other voice therapy. PD patients did not differ in respiration function compared to normal elderly people, but their speech and articulation function were poorer. There was also a difference in the speech rate, frequency of pause, and accuracy of vowel production compared with normal elderly people. PD had a lower VHI score and their voice related quality of life was a little poorer. The LSVT was typically used in speech therapy for PD. The methods of speech therapy for PD have been shown to improve respiration and phonation. It is necessary to establish voice norms in PD patients and develop effective speech therapy in the following study.

키워드

파킨슨병; 음성특성; 언어치료
Parkinson disease; Voice quality; Speech therapy
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