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신규간호사의 실무적응지원 교육 만족도 및 역할 이행 경험에 관한 조사

New Graduate Nurses' Satisfaction with Transition Programs and Experiences in Role Transition

임상간호연구 2019년 25권 3호 p.237 ~ 250
권인각 ( Kwon In-Gak ) - 성균관대학교 임상간호대학원

조용애 ( Cho Yong-Ae ) - 중앙대학교 적십자간호대학
조명숙 ( Cho Myoung-Sook ) - 성균관대학교 임상간호대학원
이영희 ( Yi Young-Hee ) - 성균관대학교 임상간호대학원
김미순 ( Kim Mi-Soon ) - 삼성서울병원 간호교육팀
김경숙 ( Kim Kyung-Sook ) - 삼성서울병원 간호교육팀
최애선 ( Choi Ae-Seon ) - 이대목동병원 교육행정간호팀

Abstract


Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the satisfaction of newly graduated nurses with educational programs and their experiences in role transition.

Methods: Data were collected from November 1 to December 15, 2018 and 483 new graduate nurses working at 15 tertiary hospitals and 10 general hospitals participated. For data collection, self-report questionnaires including the Casey-Fink Graduate Nurse Experience Survey tool and satisfaction with education were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and one-way analysis of variance.

Results: Satisfaction with education ranged from 3.09 to 3.27, and satisfaction with preceptors was 3.45(maximum 4). The skill that new nurses ranked as most difficult during the first 3 months was charting/documentation, and throughout a whole year, the top 4 difficult skills were cardiopulmonary resuscitation/emergency response, ventilator care, end-of-life care, and prioritization/time management. In comfort/confidence, new graduates felt most comfortable with support and least comfortable with patient safety. More than 50 percent of new graduates experienced stress during role transition, and the most frequently experienced stressors were related to job performance and personal life. Levels of satisfaction with education and comfort/confidence differed according to the hospital type and number of preceptors for new nurses.

Conclusion: In order to facilitate the transition of new graduate nurses to professional nurse, an extended period of education, systematic and standardized transition programs, and continuous support during the first year of practice are required.

키워드

간호사; 오리엔테이션; 역할; 만족도; 경험
Nurses; Orientation; Role; Personal Satisfaction; Experiences
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