잠시만 기다려 주세요. 로딩중입니다.

심장이식 수혜자의 삶의 질 관련 요인에 대한 메타분석

A Meta-Analysis on Factors Related to Quality of Life in Heart Transplant Recipients

임상간호연구 2019년 25권 3호 p.251 ~ 264
장미라 ( Jang Mi-Ra ) - 삼성서울병원

임세라 ( Im Se-Rah ) - 삼성서울병원
최모나 ( Choi Mo-Na ) - 연세대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: This study was a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the factors related to quality of life in heart transplant recipients.

Methods: To identify studies that suggested the factors related to the quality of life in heart transplant recipients, we searched the articles published from 1974 to November 2018 using Six databases, PubMed, CINAHL, EMBASE, Cochrane, KMBASE and RISS. A total of 22 studies were selected out of 5,234 for the systematic review and meta-analysis on the basis of the PRISMA flow. The quality of study was assessed by assessment tool form the NIH and meta-analysis was performed using the ‘R 3.5.2’ version to analyze the correlated effect sizes.

Results: Factors related to quality of life in heart transplant recipients were categorized into six domains based on the health-related quality of life model introduced by Ferrans: individual, environmental, biological function, symptoms, functional status, and general health perception. In the meta-analysis, 34 factors were used and 17 factors having significant effect sizes were as follows: self-efficacy, demoralization, perceived control, current occupational status, age, marital status, health promotion life style in the individual characteristics; stress in environmental characteristics; physical function status, creatinine level, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in biological function; anxiety, depression, symptom frequency and distress in symptoms domain; coping, self-care compliance in functional status.

Conclusion: The findings indicate that the multi-dimensional factors influencing the quality of life in heart transplant recipients and provide the evidence for developing effective interventions for improving the quality of life of recipients.

키워드

심장이식; 삶의 질; 체계적 문헌고찰; 메타분석
Heart Transplantation; Quality of Life; Systematic Review; Meta-Analysis
원문 및 링크아웃 정보
 
등재저널 정보