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Bacillus strains as human probiotics: characterization, safety, microbiome, and probiotic carrier

Food Science and Biotechnology 2019년 28권 5호 p.1297 ~ 1305
 ( Lee Na-Kyoung ) - Konkuk University Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources

 ( Kim Won-Suck ) - Silla University College of Medical and Life Sciences
백현동 ( Paik Hyun-Dong ) - Konkuk University Department of Food Science and Biotechnology of Animal Resources

Abstract


Both spore and vegetative forms of Bacillus species have been used as probiotics, and they have high stability to the surrounding atmospheric conditions such as heat, gastric conditions, and moisture. The commercial Bacillus probiotic strains in use are B. cereus, B. clausii, B. coagulans, B. licheniformis, B. polyfermenticus, B. pumilus, and B. subtilis. These strains have antimicrobial, anticancer, antioxidant, and vitamin production properties. However, Bacillus probiotics can also produce toxins and biogenic amines and transfer antibiotic resistance genes; therefore, their safety is a concern. Studies on the microbiome using probiotic Bacillus strains are limited in humans. Most microbiome research has been conducted in chicken, mouse, and pig. Some Bacillus probiotics are used as fermentation starters in plant and soybean and dietary supplement of baking foods as a probiotic carrier. This review summarizes the characterization of Bacillus species as probiotics for human use and their safety, microbiome, and probiotic carrier.

키워드

Bacillus probiotic; Characterization; Safety; Microbiome; Probiotic carrier
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