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Quality of life of persons after total knee replacement surgery

Physical Therapy Rehabilitation Science 2019년 8권 3호 p.170 ~ 174
 ( Leem Soo-Hyun ) - Shamyook Medical Center Department of Physical Therapy

 ( Lee Byoung-Hee ) - Sahmyook University College of Health Welfare Department of Physical Therapy
 ( Chung Eun-Jung ) - Andong Science College Department of Physical Therapy
 ( Lee Ji-Yeon ) - Asan Medical Center Department of Physical Therapy
 ( Kim Jung-Hee ) - Andong Science College Department of Physical Therapy

Abstract


Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in the quality of life between two groups of patients who received or did not receive total knee replacement (TKR) surgery after being diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis (OA), and to investigate changes in the quality of life for persons who had TKR surgery.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Methods: The subjects were randomized into a surgery group (n=70) and a non-surgery group (n=65). Subjects were selected from individuals diagnosed with knee OA from Himchan Hospital in Seoul, South Korea. Their sex, age, weight, height, body mass index, unilateral or bilateral, and quality of life were evaluated. Changes in the quality of life was measured using the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36). Seventy out of 135 patients had TKR surgery, and their quality of life was evaluated at 6 months and 12 months after the surgery.

Results: SF-36 scores were significantly improved at 6 months and 12 months after the surgery compared to the scores before the surgery (p<0.05). Also, the comparison between 6 and 12 months after surgery showed that the Vitality and Social Function scores in the SF-36 were significantly increased (p<0.05).

Conclusions: The findings of this study showed that TKR surgery has a positive effect on the quality of life for persons with knee OA as a therapeutic intervention.

키워드

Arthroplasty; Function; Knee; Osteoarthritis; Quality of life; Therapeutic intervention
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