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흡연의 양과 기간에 따른 치은증상 : 2016년 청소년 건강행태온라인조사 자료를 이용하여

Effects of the amount and duration of smoking on gingival symptoms: analysis of data from the 2016 Korea youth's risk behavior web-based study

한국치위생학회지 2019년 19권 4호 p.515 ~ 524
이미라 ( Lee Mi-Ra ) - 경운대학교 치위생학과

박경화 ( Park Kyung-Hwa ) - 경복대학교 치위생과

Abstract


Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the amount and duration of smoking on gingival symptoms in adolescents.

Methods: We used the web-based survey data of youth health behaviors from 2016 conducted by the Korean Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The subjects of the study were 67,983 middle and high school students. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS Ver 20.0 program, and complex sample multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze gingival symptoms according to short- or long-term smoking habits.

Results: In subjects with short-term smoking habits, there was no significant difference in gingival symptoms according to the smoking amount. However, after adjusting for socioeconomic characteristics and oral health behaviors in subjects with longterm smoking habits, a heavy smoking amount (≥0.52 PY) had a 1.25 times higher effect than a light smoking amount (<0.52 PY) on gingival symptoms. Long-term heavy smoking (≥0.52 PY) and low daily tooth-brushing frequency in high school students were factors affecting gingival symptoms.

Conclusions: When conducting a project on the oral health of adolescents, it is argued that specific investigations and measures should be set up regarding health behavior factors, such as the amount and duration of smoking among adolescents.

키워드

청소년; 치은증상; 흡연
Adolescents; Gingival symptoms; Smoking
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