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사회경제적 수준과 구강건강과의 관련성 연구: 제6기 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여

A study on the relationship between socioeconomic level and oral health: analysis of data from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey

한국치위생학회지 2019년 19권 4호 p.565 ~ 575
송애희 ( Song Ae-Hee ) - 전남과학대학교 치위생과

윤혜정 ( Youn Hye-Jeong ) - 수원여자대학교 치위생과

Abstract


Objectives: In this study, both subjective and objective levels of oral health were used to identify the relationship between oral health inequalities.

Methods: Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey data from 2013 to 2015 were combined to create an analysis plan. Oral health questions categorized as subjective oral health conditions and oral health-related diseases used dental tissue disease status as data measured by the Community Periodical Index(CPI) and decayed, missing, filled teeth(DMFT) experience. Other data on oral health behaviors such as toothache experience, the frequency of toothbrush use, chewing problems, oral examination status, and unmet dental care needs were classified and analyzed according to the socioeconomic level. Data were analyzed using frequency and cross analyses, and the statistical significance level was set at 0.05.

Results: It was found that higher the economic and educational level, better was the subjective oral health, lower the CPI, lower the experience of toothache, higher the frequency of toothbrush use, lower the number of people having chewing problems, and higher the frequency of oral checkups.

Conclusions: Oral health inequality exists among social classes. It is suggested that continuous research and efforts be carried out to promote oral health while considering socioeconomic and educational levels. Further, active government efforts will be needed to address polarization by social class.

키워드

객관적 구강건강; 구강건강 불평등; 사회경제적 수준; 주관적 구강건강; 치주조직 유병여부
CPI; Oral health inequality; Objective oral health; Socioeconomic level; Subjective oral health
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KCI