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Comparison of Factors Affecting Perceived and Objective Dental Needs

치위생과학회지 2019년 19권 3호 p.147 ~ 153
안은숙 ( Ahn Eun-Suk ) - Daejeon Institute of Science and Technology Department of Dental Hygiene

 ( Han Ji-Hyoung ) - Suwon Science College Department of Dental Hygiene
김기은 ( Kim Ki-Eun ) - Daejeon Institute of Science and Technology Department of Dental Hygiene

Abstract


Background: With increased interest in oral health, several efforts have been made to improve oral health conditions. To achieve this, needs for oral health must be precisely determined and accurately measured. Therefore, factors influencing both objective unmet dental needs, which were determined by experts, and perceived unmet dental needs, which were determined by patients, were examined in this study.

Methods: Responses of 17,735 respondents aged greater than 19 years from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey collected using the fifth (2010∼2012) rotation sample survey were analyzed. Based on the information collected from the survey and dental examination, we determined the associations between the independent (sex and socioeconomic level) and dependent variables using a chi-squared test. Moreover, ordinal logistic regression analyses on multiple categorical values were performed using perceived and objective dental needs as the dependent variables.

Results: Generally, factors influencing both perceived and objective dental needs were similar. These included sex, household income, educational level, private insurance, and subjective oral health status. However, the high-income groups had lesser perceived and objective dental needs compared to the low-income groups. Furthermore, factors such as sex, educational level, and marital status had different influence on both needs.

Conclusion: Generally, factors that affect perceived and objective dental needs were similar. To minimize unmet dental needs, factors influencing both perceived and objective dental needs should be examined for a broad dental insurance coverage, and efforts to prevent oral diseases are also required.

키워드

Objective needs; Oral health; Perceived needs; Unmet needs
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