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Evaluation of Pork Myofibrillar Protein Gel with Pork Skin Gelatin on Rheological Properties at Different Salt Concentrations

한국축산식품학회지 2019년 39권 4호 p.576 ~ 584
이창훈 ( Lee Chang-Hoon ) - Chonnam National University Department of Animal Science

 ( Chin Koo-Bok ) - Chonnam National University Department of Animal Science

Abstract


This study was performed to evaluate the physicochemical properties of myofibrillar protein (MP) gels containing pork skin gelatin at different salt concentrations. MP gels were prepared to the different salt levels (0.15, 0.30, and 0.45 M) with or
without 1.0% of pork skin gelatin. Cooking yield (CY), gel strength, shear stress were measured to determine the physical properties, and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, scanning electron microscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, sulfhydryl group and protein surface hydrophobicity was performed to figure out the structural changes
among the proteins. The addition of gelatin into MP increased CYs and shear stress. MP at 0.45 M salt level had the highest CY and shear stress, as compared to MPs at lower salt concentrations. As the salt concentration of MP gels increased, the microstructure became the compact and wet structures, and decreased the amount of α-helix/unordered structures and β-sheet. MP with gelatin showed a decreased amount of α-helix/unordered structures and β-sheet compared to MP without gelatin. The addition of gelatin to MP did not affect the sulfhydryl group, but the sulfhydryl group decreased as increased salt levels. MP mixtures containing gelatin showed a higher hydrophobicity value than those without gelatin, regardless of salt concentration. Based on these results, the addition of gelatin increased viscosity of raw meat batter and CY of MP gels for the application to low salt meat products.

키워드

pork skin gelatin; myofibrillar protein; salt level; gel strength
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