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The clinical usefulness of closed reduction of nasal bone using only a periosteal elevator with a rubber band

Archives of Craniofacial Surgery 2019년 20권 5호 p.284 ~ 288
 ( Park Young-Ji ) - Gyeongsang National University Hospital Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

 ( Ryu Woo-Sang ) - Gyeongsang National University Hospital Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
 ( Kwon Gyu-Hyeon ) - Gyeongsang National University Hospital Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
 ( Lee Kyung-Suk ) - Gyeongsang National University Hospital Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Abstract


Background: Closed reduction of nasal fracture with various instrument is performed to treat nasal fracture. Depending on the type of nasal fracture and the situation in which it is being operated, the surgeon will determine the surgical tool. The objective of this study was to investigate whether a periosteal elevator (PE) was a proper device to perform closed reduction for patients with simple nasal fractures.

Methods: From March 2018 to December 2018, 50 cases of simple nasal bone fracture underwent closed reduction performed by a single surgeon. These patients were divided into two groups randomly: nasal bone reduction was performed using only PE (freer) and nasal bone reduction was performed using Walsham, Asch forcep, and Boies elevator (non-freer, non-PE).

Results: The paranasal sinus computed tomography was performed on patients before and after operation to carry out an accurate measurement of reduction distance at the same level. According to the results, the interaction between instruments and fracture types had a significant influence on reduction distance (p = 0.021). To be specific, reduction distance was significantly (p= 0.004) increased by 2.157 mm when PE was used to treat patients with partial displacement compared to that when non-PEs were used.

Conclusion: Closed reduction using PE and other elevator is generally an effective treatment for nasal fracture. In partial-displacement type of simple nasal fracture, closed reduction using PE can have considerable success in comparison with using classic instruments.

키워드

Facial bone; Fracture; Nasal bone; Reduction; Treatment outcome
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