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입원한 노인 암 환자의 연명의료중단에 대한 태도와 죽음불안 및 죽음수용 간의 관계

The Relationship among Attitudes toward the Withdrawal of Life-sustaining Treatment, Death Anxiety, and Death Acceptance among Hospitalized Elderly Cancer Patients

종양간호연구 2019년 19권 3호 p.142 ~ 149
서연미 ( Seo Yeon-Mi ) - 서울아산병원 간호부

신수진 ( Shin Su-Jin ) - 이화여자대학교 간호대학

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between attitudes toward the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment, death anxiety and death acceptance among hospitalized cancer patients who were at least 65 years old.

Methods: This study adopted a descriptive study design. Data were collected from 128 patients diagnosed with cancer. The instruments used were the Attitudes toward Life-sustaining Treatment Scale, Death Anxiety Scale and modified versions of the Death Attitude Profile-Revised(DAP-R) questionnaire.

Results: The mean score for the subjects’ attitudes toward the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment was 3.48±0.50 out of 5. Death anxiety was reported at 2.53±0.54 out of 4. Death acceptance was reported at 4.10 ±1.20 out of 7. There was a significant negative correlation between the subjects’ attitudes toward the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment and death anxiety (r=-.21, p=.018), however there was no statistically significant correlation between the subjects’ attitude towards the withdrawal of lifesustaining treatment and death acceptance (r=-.07, p=.462).

Conclusion: The more positive elderly cancer patients are about the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment, the lower their death anxiety is. This finding can help nurses with patient care towards the end of life by considering the relationship between death anxiety and their attitudes toward the withdrawal of life-sustaining treatment.

키워드

노인; 암; 연명의료중단; 죽음불안; 죽음수용
Aged; Cancer; Advanced care planning; Attitude to death; Anxiety
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