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Nutritional Therapy for Asian Patients at Risk for Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis 2019년 8권 2호 p.192 ~ 203
임현정 ( Lim Hyun-Jung ) - Kyung Hee University Graduate School of East-West Medical Science Department of Medical Nutrition

 ( Kim Ji-Eun ) - Kyung Hee University Research Institute of Medical Nutrition
 ( Kim Do-Yeon ) - Kyung Hee University Research Institute of Medical Nutrition

Abstract


The burden of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) remains high worldwide, and its prevalence has increased in Asian countries over the last two decades. The increase in ASCVD may arise from complex interactions between genetic and lifestyle/environmental factors. Abnormal blood cholesterol levels, elevated blood glucose, obesity, elevated blood pressure, smoking, and family history are common risk factors of ASCVD. There is an increased burden of ASCVD in Asian countries, maybe due to rapid economic development and lifestyle changes in these countries. Nutrition is one of the major modifiable risk factors for ASCVD. Despite this, there are insufficient nutritional therapies for prevention and management of ASCVD in Asian patients. There is also a lack of relevant research in Asian populations. In this review, we describe the current nutritional guidelines and the findings from previous landmark studies regarding management and/or prevention of ASCVD. We also summarize the recommendations regarding evidence-based nutrition therapy/management strategies that may be effective in Asian subjects to prevent onset and/or to treat ASCVD.

키워드

Atherosclerosis; Nutrition therapy; Nutritional management; Asians
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