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인천지역 일부 고등학생의 편의점 편의식 이용빈도와 식사의 질과의 관련성

Association between frequency of convenience foods use at convenience stores and dietary quality among high school students in Incheon

Journal of Nutrition and Health 2019년 52권 4호 p.383 ~ 398
김은미 ( Kim Eun-Mi ) - 공주대학교 영양교육대학원

최미경 ( Choi Mi-Kyeong ) - 공주대학교 식품과학부
김미현 ( Kim Mi-Hyun ) - 공주대학교 식품과학부

Abstract


Purpose: This study investigated an association between dietary quality and use of convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students.

Methods: A total of 474 high school students (225 boys and 249 girls) residing in Incheon participated in this questionnaire survey in June 2018. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the frequency of consumption of convenience foods at convenience stores; less than once a week, 1 ~ 2 times a week, and more than 3 times a week. Dietary quality was assessed using a nutrient quotient for adolescents (NA-Q). Logistic regression was used to investigate an association between dietary quality and use of convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students.

Results: For boys and girls, higher monthly allowance was significantly associated with the higher frequency of consumption of convenience foods at convenience stores, whereas school grade, mother's occupational status, family size, extracurricular study, and eating speed were not significantly associated with the frequency of consumption of convenience foods. Higher intake frequency of cookies or sweet and greasy bread, processed beverage, Ramyon, night-time snack, and street food was significantly associated with the higher frequency of consumption of convenience foods for boys or girls. Boys and girls, who had a higher frequency of consumption of convenience foods at convenience stores had significantly greater odds for being in the low grade of dietary quality, especially in the moderation factor.

Conclusion: The students who used convenience stores more often appeared to have more monthly allowance and to consume undesirable foods more often. Higher frequency of using convenience foods at convenience stores among high school students was associated with lower dietary quality. These study results can support efforts to provide nutrition education programs and guidelines to students who frequently use convenience foods at convenience stores.

키워드

convenience foods; convenience stores; dietary quality; high school students
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