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Outcomes after Transverse-Incision ‘Mini’ Carotid Endarterectomy and Patch-Plasty

Vascular Specialist International 2019년 35권 3호 p.137 ~ 144
 ( Sinha Sidhartha ) - Basildon Hospital Department of Vascular Surgery

 ( Fok Matthew ) - Basildon Hospital Department of Vascular Surgery
 ( Goh Aaron ) - Basildon Hospital Department of Vascular Surgery
 ( Gadhvi Vijay ) - Basildon Hospital Department of Vascular Surgery

Abstract


Purpose: Traditional longitudinal incision for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) can be painful, aesthetically displeasing, and associated with a high incidence of cranial nerve injury (CNI). This study describes the outcomes of CEA performed through small (<5 cm long), transversely oriented incisions located directly over the carotid bifurcation, as identified by color-enhanced duplex ultrasound.

Materials and Methods: Patient demographics and operative data were collected retrospectively from an in-house database of consecutive vascular patients undergoing CEA with a small transversely oriented incision for both symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid artery stenoses.

Results: A total of 52 consecutive patients underwent CEA between 2012 and 2016 (median age, 73.5 years; interquartile range, 67-80.3; male/female ratio, 40:12). CEA was performed under regional/local anesthesia (LA) in 48 (92.3%) patients, with 4 (7.7%) being performed under general anesthesia. One patient under LA experienced intraoperative neurological dysfunction intraoperatively (manifesting as an inability to count out loud) that resolved with insertion of shunt. One patient experienced a transient neurological event (expressive dysphasia) within the immediate postoperative period, which resolved within 6 hours. No in-hospital death or perioperative major adverse cardiovascular events were noted. Follow-up data were available for a median period of 3.1 years and for all patients. Three patients experienced strokes following discharge (2 strokes contralateral to the operated side and 1 transient ischemic attack ipsilateral to the operated side). No persistent CNIs nor bleeding complications necessitating re-exploration were reported.

Conclusion: Small, transversely orientated incisions, hidden within a neck skin crease can be safely performed in the majority of patients undergoing CEA.

키워드

Carotid endarterectomy; Transverse incision; Cranial nerve injury
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