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Endoscopic Hemostasis for Non-Variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: New Frontiers

Clinical Endoscopy 2019년 52권 5호 p.401 ~ 406
 ( Kichler Adam ) - Cleveland Clinic Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

 ( Jang Sung-Uk ) - Cleveland Clinic Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Abstract


Non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) refers to blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract proximal to the ligament of Treitz due to lesions that are non-variceal in origin. The distinction of the bleeding source as non-variceal is important in numerous aspects, but none more so than endoscopic approaches for successful hemostasis. When a patient presents with acute overt blood loss, NVUGIB is a medical emergency, which requires immediate intervention. There have been major strides in pharmacologic and endoscopic interventions for successful induction and remission of hemostasis in the last two decades. Despite achieving tangible improvements, the burden of the disease and the consequent mortality remain high. To address endoscopic outcomes better, several new technologies have emerged and have been subsequently incorporated to the armamentarium of hemostatic tools. This study aims to provide a succinct review on novel technologies for endoscopic hemostasis.

키워드

Endoscopy; Hemostasis; Peptic ulcer; Gastrointestinal hemorrhage
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