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Patchy echogenicity of the liver in patients with chronic hepatitis B does not indicate poorer elasticity

Ultrasonography 2019년 38권 4호 p.327 ~ 335
 ( Wu Size ) - Hainan Medical University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Ultrasound

 ( Tu Rong ) - Hainan Medical University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Radiology
 ( Liang Xian ) - Hainan Medical University First Affiliated Hospital Department of Ultrasound

Abstract


Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate whether the presence of patchy echogenicity in the liver of patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is predictive of liver stiffness.

Methods: A total of 200 CHB patients with and without patchy echogenicity of the liver were assigned to two groups, with 100 patients in each group, and 32 of them underwent liver biopsy. Additionally, 80 healthy subjects, 100 inactive HBV carriers, and 100 patients with decompensated hepatic cirrhosis were assigned to the control groups. Laboratory tests and clinical data were collected, and shear wave velocity (SWV) of the liver was measured for all 480 subjects.

Results: The median SWV in patients with a normal liver, inactive hepatitis B virus carriers, CHB patients with and without patchy echogenicity, and decompensated hepatic cirrhosis were 1.07 m/sec, 1.08 m/sec, 1.16 m/sec, 1.16 m/sec, and 2.02 m/sec, respectively; there was no significant difference in SWV values between CHB patients with patchy echogenicity and those without patchy echogenicity. Furthermore, among CHB patients with and without patchy echogenicity, no significant difference in SWV was found according to fibrosis stage.

Conclusion: The presence of patchy echogenicity of the liver does not indicate a higher degree of liver stiffness.

키워드

Hepatitis B, chronic; Patchy echogenicity of the liver; Point shear wave elastography; Shear wave velocity; Ultrasonography
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