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Epidemiological characteristics of HIV infected Korean: Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study

Epidemiology and Health 2019년 41권 1호 p.37 ~ 37
 ( Choi Yun-Su ) - Hanyang University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine

최보율 ( Choi Bo-Youl ) - Hanyang University College of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
 ( Kim Soo-Min ) - Hanyang University Institute for Health and Society
 ( Kim Sang-Il ) - Catholic University College of Medicine Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Kim June ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Choi Jun-Young ) - Yonsei University College of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
김신우 ( Kim Shin-Woo ) - Kyungpook National University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Song Joon-Young ) - Korea University College of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Kim Youn-Jeong ) - Catholic University College of Medicine Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Park Dae-Won ) - Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Kim Hyo-Youl ) - Korea University College of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Choi Hee-Jung ) - Ewha Womans University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
기미경 ( Kee Mee-Kyung ) - Korea National Institute of Health Center for Infectious Diseases Research Division of Viral Disease Research
 ( Shin Young-Hyun ) - Korea National Institute of Health Center for Infectious Diseases Research Division of Viral Disease Research
 ( Yoo Myeong-Su ) - Korea National Institute of Health Center for Infectious Diseases Research Division of Viral Disease Research

Abstract


OBJECTIVES: To manage evidence-based diseases, it is important to identify the characteristics of patients in each country.

METHODS: The Korea HIV/AIDS Cohort Study seeks to identify the epidemiological characteristics of 1,442 Korean individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection (12% of Korean individuals with HIV infection in 2017) who visited 21 university hospitals nationwide. The descriptive statistics were presented using the Korea HIV/AIDS cohort data (2006-2016).

RESULTS: Men accounted for 93.3% of the total number of respondents, and approximately 55.8% of respondents reported having an acute infection symptom. According to the transmission route, infection caused by sexual contact accounted for 94.4%, of which 60.4% were caused by sexual contact with the same sex or both males and females. Participants repeatedly answered the survey to decrease depression and anxiety scores. Of the total participants, 89.1% received antiretroviral therapy (ART). In the initial ART, 95.3% of patients were treated based on the recommendation. The median CD4 T-cell count at the time of diagnosis was 229.5 and improved to 331 after the initial ART. Of the patients, 16.6% and 9.4% had tuberculosis and syphilis, respectively, and 26.7% had pneumocystis pneumonia. In the medical history, sexually transmitted infectious diseases showed the highest prevalence, followed by endocrine diseases. The main reasons for termination were loss to follow-up (29.9%) and withdrawal of consent (18.7%).

CONCLUSIONS: Early diagnosis and ART should be performed at an appropriate time to prevent the development of new infection.

키워드

HIV; Communicable diseases; AIDS-related opportunistic infections; Antiretroviral therapy highly active
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