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혼합계수(K-Factor) 증가에 따른 사업장의 환기 조건 및 효율 개선에 관한 연구

An Experimental Study for the Improvement of Ventilation Conditions and Effectiveness in the Manufacturing Industry by Increasing the Mixing Factor (K-Factor)

한국산업보건학회지 2019년 29권 3호 p.343 ~ 350
이윤호 ( Lee Yun-Ho ) - 가톨릭대학교 대학원 보건학과

이석원 ( Lee Seok-Won ) - 삼성전자 건강연구소
이경호 ( Lee Kyoung-Ho ) - 삼성전자 건강연구소
김현욱 ( Kim Hyun-Wook ) - 가톨릭대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실


Objectives: This study aims to identify whether ventilation conditions and their effectiveness can be significantly improved in an experimental chamber by increasing the mixing factor (K-Factor).

Methods: In a chamber with a volume of 1 m3, air velocity was measured at six different points with four roof fans in the upper part of the chamber being operated in order. The impact of the ventilation conditions was analyzed when the flow rates were increasing and the first inlet of the chamber was either open or closed. Smoke patterns were also observed at four corner points where ventilation was limited. Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests were performed to compare air velocities measured in the chamber.

Results: The air velocities measured at only the third point increased significantly from 0.03±0.03 m/s (door open) and 0.05±0.06 m/s (door closed) with two fans, 0.08±0.08 m/s with three fans, and 0.09±0.09 m/s with four fans operating ( p <0.05). However, air velocities at the four corner points did not significantly increase. Smoke patters also showed that the open inlet of the chamber had no effect on improvement of ventilation conditions and effectiveness.

Conclusions: In this study, the air velocities at six points in the chamber did not significantly increase despite the increase in the mixing factor and flow rates of ventilation in the controlled environment. Therefore, the inflow of outdoor air throughout an open inlet and installation of a forced ventilation system can potentially increase the indoor air velocity and improve ventilation condition without an increase in the mixing factor.


Experimental chamber; indoor air velocity; mixing factor; smoke pattern; ventilation condition
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