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대한민국 지역 미세먼지가 호흡기바이러스 감염에 미치는 영향

Influence of Fine Particulate Dust Particulate Matter 10 on Respiratory Virus Infection in the Republic of Korea

가정의학 2019년 9권 5호 p.454 ~ 459
천지민 ( Cheon Ji-Min ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과

 ( Yang Yun-Jun ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
윤영숙 ( Yun Yeong-Sook ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
이언숙 ( Lee Eon-Suk ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
이준형 ( Lee Jun-Hyung ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
허연 ( Huh Youn ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
문정원 ( Mun Jung-Won ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
정창현 ( Jhung Chang-Hyun ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과
현보라 ( Hyun Bo-Ra ) - 인제대학교 일산백병원 가정의학과

Abstract


Background: This study investigated the effect of fine dust concentrations in the air on the incidence of viral respiratory infections in the Republic of Korea.

Methods: A time series analysis using R statistics was performed to determine the relationship between weekly concentrations of fine dust in the air and the incidences of acute respiratory tract infections caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenovirus (HAdV), rhinovirus (HRV), human metapneumovirus (HMPV), human coronavirus (HCoV), human bocavirus (HBoV), human parainfluenza virus (HPIV), and influenza virus (IFV), from the beginning of 2016 to the end of 2017. Correlations between various meteorological factors and the amount of fine dust were analyzed using the Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. To analyze the relationship between viral infections and fine dust, a quasi-poisson analysis was performed.

Results: The incidence of the HAdV was proportional to fine dust and air temperature. The IFV was proportional to fine dust and relative humidity and was inversely proportional to temperature. The HMPV was proportional to fine dust, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The HCoV was proportional to micro dust, relative humidity, and inversely proportional to temperature. Both the HBoV and HPIV were directly proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed, and inversely proportional to relative humidity. The RSV was inversely proportional to fine dust, temperature, wind speed. A lag effect was observed for the influenza virus, in that its incidence increased 2-3 weeks later on the cumulative lag model.

Conclusion: As the weekly average concentration of fine dust increases, the incidence of HAdV, HMPV, HCoV, HBoV, HPIV, and influenza increase.

키워드

Air Pollution; Meteorological Factors; Viruses; Respiration Disorder
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