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한국 성인에서 성별과 연령에 따른 체중조절방법과 우울 증상과의 관련성

Association between Weight Control Methods and Depressive Symptoms among Korean Adults according to Age and Sex

가정의학 2019년 9권 5호 p.460 ~ 466
김정아 ( Kim Jung-Ah ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 이대목동병원 가정의학과

이상화 ( Lee Sang-Wha ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 이대목동병원 가정의학과
이홍수 ( Lee Hong-Soo ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 이대목동병원 가정의학과
심경원 ( Shim Kyung-Won ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 이대목동병원 가정의학과
최세은 ( Choi Se-Eun ) - 이화여자대학교 의과대학 이대목동병원 가정의학과

Abstract


Background: Unhealthy weight control methods such as fasting and meal skipping can harm the mental health of individuals engaging in these methods. But this relationship has not been studied in Korean individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between weight control methods and depressive symptoms among Korean adults.

Methods: We used data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2014, 2016, which included 10,447 adults. Patient Health Questionnaire was used for the assessment of depressive symptoms. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted according to age and sex.

Results: Attempting to follow a one-food diet was higher among depressed men. There was a significant association between depressive symptoms and weight control methods such as fasting and skipping meals among women. Among women >30 years and <50 years, depressive symptoms were related to a high likelihood of fasting, prescribed drugs for weight loss and one-food diet.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the correlation between the symptoms of depression and weight control methods varies depending on age and sex of the individuals. Our results could help formulate healthy weight management measures based on the on the depressive mood, age and sex of the individuals.

키워드

Depression; Weight; Obesity; Mental Health
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