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Effects of different exercise modalities on novel hepatic steatosis indices in overweight women with type 2 diabetes

Clinical and Molecular Hepatology 2019년 25권 3호 p.294 ~ 304
 ( Banitalebi Ebrahim ) - Shahrekord University Faculty of Humanities Department of Sport Sciences

 ( Faramarzi Mohammad ) - Shahrekord University Faculty of Humanities Department of Sport Sciences
 ( Nasiri Samira ) - Shahrekord University Faculty of Humanities Department of Sport Sciences
 ( Mardaniyan Majid ) - Shahrekord University Faculty of Humanities Department of Sport Sciences
 ( Rabiee Vahid ) - Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz Faculty of Sport Sciences Department of Exercise Physiology

Abstract


Background/Aims: Fatty liver is a clinical and pathologic condition in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of different exercise modalities on non-alcoholic fatty liver indices (fatty liver index [FLI], lipid accumulation product [LAP], hepatic steatosis index [HSI], and Framingham Steatosis Index [FSI]) in women with T2D.

Methods: Fifty-two women with T2D and a mean age of 55.07±5.92 yrs, body mass index (BMI) 28.94±4.09 kg/m2 , and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) 9.41±0.82% were randomized to a sprint interval training (SIT) (n=17), combined aerobic and resistance (A+R) training (n=17), or control group (n=18) for 10 weeks. Two-way repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to find differences between groups and the effects of time and Time×Group interactions after 10 weeks on non-alcoholic fatty liver indices. After this, ANOVA models were constructed to determine the effects of group allocation and change in non-alcoholic fatty liver indices.

Results: There were significant time interactions for FLI (P<0.001), HSI (P<0.001), and LAP (P<0.001). Also, there were significant Time×Group interactions for fasting blood glucose (P=0.034), and HbA1c (P=0.006).

Conclusions: Results highlight that exercise training, independent of mode of training, is an effective strategy to improve some indices related to hepatic steatosis and blood glucose profiles in women with T2D.

키워드

High-intensity interval training; Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; Diabetes mellitus, Type 2
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