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Association of discrimination and presenteeism with cardiovascular disease: the Fourth Korean Working Conditions Survey

 ( Kim Kyu-Sung ) - Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

 ( Cho Sung-Il ) - Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
 ( Paek Do-Myung ) - Seoul National University Graduate School of Public Health Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Abstract


Background: Discrimination is a representative social determinant of health. Presenteeism is defined as presenting to work despite of illness and is an indicator of group health. We investigated the association of discrimination and presenteeism with cardiovascular disease using Korean data.

Methods: This study used the fourth Korea Working Conditions Survey (2014) data of 27,662 wage workers (employees). Presenteeism and discrimination related to age, sex, education, birth region, and employment type were ascertained. Self-reported cardiovascular disease was also assessed using the survey questionnaire. General and occupational characteristics found to be significant in univariate analyses were entered into a multivariate logistic regression analysis of the association of discrimination and presenteeism with cardiovascular disease. We also calculated the odds ratios of multiple discriminations and/or presenteeism for cardiovascular disease.

Results: In the univariate analyses, sex, age, education, monthly income, employment type, occupation, hours worked per week, workplace scale, and shift work were significantly associated with cardiovascular disease. A multivariate logistic regression analysis adjusted for general and occupational characteristics showed that discrimination and presenteeism were significantly associated with cardiovascular disease. Finally, the association with cardiovascular disease was strongest when both multiple discriminations and presenteeism were present.

Conclusions: Discrimination and presenteeism are associated with cardiovascular disease, and this association was stronger in the presence of multiple types of discrimination and presenteeism.

키워드

Discrimination; Presenteeism; Cardiovascular disease; Korea Working Conditions Survey
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