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Asymmetric Reduction of 3-Ketoproline Ethyl Ester by Modified Borohydrides and Various Vegetables

대한화학회지 2017년 61권 5호 p.244 ~ 250
 ( Wibowo Agustono ) - Universiti Teknologi MARA Institute of Science

 ( Shaameri Zurina ) - Universiti Teknologi MARA Institute of Science
 ( Mohammat Mohd Fazli ) - Universiti Teknologi MARA Institute of Science
 ( Hamzah Ahmad Sazali ) - Universiti Teknologi MARA Institute of Science


Reduction of (±)-3-ketoproline ethyl ester (1) by NaBH4 in the presence of CaCl2 and MgCl2 as the chelating agents gave selective products cis-3(R/S)-alcohols, while reduction by NaBH4 alone or chelated with NiCl2 and AlBr3 gave mixtures of cis- and trans-alcohols. The reduction of (±)-1 by various vegetables however, gave exclusively the cis-alcohol as the major and trans-alcohol as the minor. On the contrary, reduction of (±)-1 by carrot afforded a mixture of cis- and transalcohols, in which the trans-alcohol exists as the major product. In addition, we found that this biocatalyst selectively converted S-enantiomer of (±)-1 to the cis-alcohol, and R-enantiomer to a mixture of cis- and trans-alcohols with cis-alcohol as the major product. This fact prompted us to use various fresh plant tissues for stereoselective reduction of diverse types of pyrrolidinones, as its stereoselectivity towards racemic mixtures is higher compared to that using chemical reducing agents.


Ketoproline; Stereoselective reduction; Vegetable; Sodium borohydride; Metal salt
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