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Effects of exercise training at lactate threshold and detraining for 12 weeks on body composition, aerobic performance, and stress related variables in obese women

Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry 2019년 23권 3호 p.22 ~ 28
 ( Park Hun-Young ) - Konkuk University Department of Sports Medicine and Science

 ( Kim Sung-Ho ) - Osan University Department of Health Rehabilitation
 ( Kim Youn-Ho ) - Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
 ( Park Sang-Yun ) - Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology
 ( Nam Sang-Seok ) - Taekwondo Research Institute of Kukkiwon

Abstract


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of diet plus exercise training and detraining for 12 weeks on body composition, aerobic performance, and stress-related variables in obese women.

Methods: Twenty-five women in their 20s-40s with 30% body fat and body mass indices above 25 kg/m2 were divided into HRLT (heart rate at lactate threshold) and HRLT + 5% groups. Dietary intervention of 70% recommended dietary allowance (RDA) and exercise treatment composed of aerobic exercises on a bicycle (30 min) and treadmill (30 min) were then performed. These interventions were performed three times a week for 12 weeks.

Results: Dietary intake was significantly decreased, while daily activity significantly increased within the 12-week intervention period, and this effect was sustained after 12 weeks of detraining. Exercise training based on dietary intake and daily activity presented a significantly decreased weight and % body fat, improvement of aerobic performance, and a significant increase in heart rate variability (HRV) (e.g., average of all RR intervals and the square root mean squared differences of successive RR intervals) as stress-related variables. It was also confirmed that the improvement of body composition and stress-related variables were maintained even after detraining.

Conclusion: Our results suggest that 70% RDA of dietary intervention and exercise training corresponding to HRLT and HRLT + 5% for 12 weeks were effective in improving body composition and aerobic performance, and relieving stress. In particular, enhanced HRV persisted for up to 12 weeks after the end of exercise training in obese women.

키워드

obese women; exercise training; detraining; body composition; aerobic performance; stress
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