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MicroRNA-138 Suppresses Adipogenic Differentiation in Human Adipose Tissue-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells by Targeting Lipoprotein Lipase

Yonsei Medical Journal 2019년 60권 12호 p.1187 ~ 1194
 ( Wang Yuting ) - Yuhuangding Hospital of Yantai Department of Burn Plastic Surgery

 ( Lin Lixin ) - Yuhuangding Hospital of Yantai Department of Burn Plastic Surgery
 ( Huang Yong ) - Yuhuangding Hospital of Yantai Department of Burn Plastic Surgery
 ( Sun Junjun ) - Yuhuangding Hospital of Yantai Department of Burn Plastic Surgery
 ( Wang Xueming ) - Yuhuangding Hospital of Yantai Department of Burn Plastic Surgery
 ( Wang Peng ) - Yuhuangding Hospital of Yantai Department of Burn Plastic Surgery

Abstract


Purpose: Adipogenic differentiation of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AMSCs) is critical to many disease-related disorders, such as obesity and diabetes. Studies have demonstrated that miRNA-138 (miR-138) is closely involved in adipogenesis. However, the mechanisms affected by miR-138 remain unclear. This work aimed to investigate interactions between miR-138 and lipoprotein lipase (LPL), a key lipogenic enzyme, in AMSCs.

Materials and Methods: Human AMSCs (hAMSCs) isolated from human abdomen tissue were subjected to adipogenic differentiation medium. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot assay were applied to measure the expressions of miR-138, LPL, and the two adipogenic transcription factors cytidine-cytidine-adenosine-adenosine-thymidine enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ). The relationship between miR-138 and LPL was predicted utilizing the miRTarBase database and validated by dual luciferase reporter assay.

Results: Showing increases in C/EBPα and PPARγ expression levels, hAMSCs were induced into adipogenic differentiation. During adipogenesis of hAMSCs, miR-138 expression was significantly downregulated. Overexpression of miR-138 by transfection inhibited hAMSCs adipogenic differentiation in vitro. Mechanically, LPL was a target of miR-138. LPL expression was upregulated during adipogenesis of hAMSCs, and this upregulation was reversed by miR-138 overexpression. Functionally, silencing of LPL by transfection exerted similar inhibition of the expressions of C/EBPα and PPARγ. Meanwhile, LPL ectopic expression was able to partly abolish the suppressive effect of miR-138 overexpression on adipogenic differentiation of hAMSCs.

Conclusion: Upregulation of miR-138 inhibits adipogenic differentiation of hAMSCs by directly downregulating LPL.

키워드

miR-138; adipogenic differentiation; hAMSCs; lipoprotein lipase (LPL)
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