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Effect of Statin Use on Liver Cancer Mortality Considering Hypercholesterolemia and Obesity in Patients with Non-Cirrhotic Chronic Hepatitis B

Yonsei Medical Journal 2019년 60권 12호 p.1203 ~ 1208
 ( Kim Gi-Ae ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine

 ( Shim Jae-Jun ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Lee Ji-Sung ) - University of Ulsan College of Medicine Asan Medical Center Clinical Research Center
 ( Kim Byung-Ho ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Kim Jung-Wook ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Oh Chi-Hyuk ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Internal Medicine
 ( Oh Chang-Mo ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
 ( Oh In-Hwan ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Preventive Medicine
박소연 ( Park So-Youn ) - Kyung Hee University School of Medicine Department of Medical Education and Medical Humanities

Abstract


Little is known about the benefits of statin use on liver cancer mortality among patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) considering hypercholesterolemia and obesity. A nationwide retrospective cohort study was conducted using data from a Health Examination Cohort of the National Health Insurance Service of Korea. Data on CHB patients with no other concurrent liver disease were acquired, and statin use was defined as a cumulative daily dose ≥28. A 3-year landmark analysis was performed to avoid immortal time bias. Patients who started statin therapy within the landmark date were considered statin users. A Cox regression analysis was applied to assess associations between statin use and liver cancer mortality considering hypercholesterolemia and obesity. Among 13063 patients, 193 (1.5%) died of liver cancer during the mean follow-up period of 10.6 years. After adjusting for demographic and metabolic factors, statin use [hazard ratio (HR), 0.17; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.04?0.70] and hypercholesterolemia (HR, 0.46; 95% CI, 0.24?0.88 for total cholesterol ≥240 mg/dL) were associated with a decreased risk of liver cancer mortality, whereas body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 was associated with an increased risk of liver cancer mortality (HR, 2.46; 95% CI, 1.20?5.06). This study showed that statin use was associated with decreased liver cancer mortality when adjusting for cholesterol levels and BMI. This study found that hypercholesterolemia was independently associated with decreased liver cancer mortality regardless of statin use.

키워드

Chronic hepatitis B; hepatocellular carcinoma; mortality; cholesterol
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