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임신중 급성충수염에 관한 임상적 고찰

A Clinical Study of Acute Appendicitis in Pregnancy

대한대장항문학회지 1998년 14권 4호 p.767 ~ 774
장용석 ( Jang Yong-Seog ) - 순천향대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

Abstract


Purpose: Acute appendicitis is the most frequently encountering extrauterine surgical condition in pregnancy. Prompt diagnosis of acute appendicitis in pregnancy is not easy on the basis of clinlical findings, which may be obscured or altered by the presence of a gravid uterus. In most of cases, prompt diagnosis and early surgical intervention could result in optimal maternal and fetal outcomes.

Material and Methods: We performed retrospective analysis of 20 cases, which were operated under the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in pregnancy from 1990 to 1995 at the department of surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital.

Results: 1) The incidence of the acute appendicitis in pregnancy was one per 742 deliveries and the diagnostic accuracy was 85%. 2) The majority of patiens was in the 3rd decade of age (76.5%). 3) Gestational stages at onset of symptom were first trimester in 6 patients (35.3%) and second trimester (52.9%) in most patients. 4) The majority of patients(82.4%) spent less than 24 hours preoperatively. 5) The symptoms in order of frequency were; abdominal pain (100%), nausea (70.5%), vomiting (41.1%), fever (23.5%), chill (11.8%), constipation (11.8%), diarrhea (5.9%). The maximal tenderness was noted on McBurney’s point (29.4%) and above McBurney’s point (58.8%) in most of patient. 6) The leukocyte counts were mostly in the range of 10,000 to 15,000 ㎣ (47.1%) and 15,000 to 20,000 ㎣ (35.3%). 7) Several types of incisions were employed: a McBurney incision was used in 8 cases (47.1%), a transverse incision in 8 cases (47.1%), and a low midline incision in 1 case (5.8%). A general anesthesia was done in 6 patients (35.3%), a spinal anesthesia done in 8 patients (47.1%), and an epidural anesthesia done in 3 patients (17.6%). A drain was placed intraabdominally in 2 cases. 8) Among 17 cases, three were reported as focal appendicitis (17.6%), ten as suppurative one (58.8%), one as ganagrenous one (5.9%) and three as perforated one (17.6%). 9) The postoperative complications included 1 wound infection and 4 artificial abortions. There was no maternal death, preterm labor, or spontaneous abortion.

Conclusion: Despite of diagnostic obstacles due to pregnancy, acute appendicitis can be diagnosed without major difficulty. High index of suspicion is required during diagnostic procedures and prompt surgical intervention improves maternal and fetal outcomes...EABS:

키워드

Acute appendicitis in pregnancy
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