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다발성 용종성 및 산발성 대장-직장암에서 유전적 불안정성과 부정합 보수 유전자 및 p53 유전자 변이

Genetic Instability and Mutations of Mismatch Repair (MMR) and p53 Gene in Colorectal Cancers with Multiple Polyps and Sporadic Colorectal Cancers

대한대장항문학회지 2002년 18권 6호 p.353 ~ 363
천성원 ( Chun Sung-Won ) - 가톨릭대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

장석균 ( Chang Suk-Kyun ) - 가톨릭대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

Abstract


Purpose: General conceptions of carcinogenic mechanisms by recent reports are ras-p53 gene pathway in sporadic colorectal cancers (SCC), MMR gene pathway in hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and APC gene in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). But in the colorectal cancer with multiple polyps (CCMP), the carcinogenic pathway is not still defined exactly. In order to find out the which carcinogenic pathway control the CCMP and SCC, genetic instability were studied in CCMP and SCC.

Methods: In this study, genetic instability on D2S123, D3S1029, D5S107, D6S87 and APΔ3 foci and gene mutations of hMLH1 (exon 2, 16, 19), hMSH2 (exon 11, 12, 13, 14) gene of MMR gene, p53 gene (exon 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) were studied on the 60 DNA samples of CCMP (30 cases) and SCC (30 cases).

Results: 1. Observed positive genetic instability was higher in CCMP (30%) than SCC (20%), and was higher in right colon cancers (33%) than left colon cancers (23%) or rectal cancers (17%), but not significant statisitically. And observed positive genetic instability was lower in moderate differentiated cancers (16%) than well (67%) or poorly (60%) differentiated cancers (P=0.005). 2. Any mutations of hMLH1 and hMSH2 gene of MMR gene were not observed in both of CCMP and SCC, but 3 cases (2 CCMPs and 1 SCC) point mutations of intron of hMSH2 gene, which were higher in positive genetic instability than negative (P=0.002). 3. This 3 cases point mutations were C for T which were on 6th bases upstream from codon 669. 4. From the results of SSCP for nucleotide sequencing of p53 gene, the abnormal bands were observed in 30% (9 of 30) of CCMP and SCC. Also the abnormal bands were observed in both of positive or negative genetic instability without differences.

Conclusions: With above results the authors suggested that the mechanism of genetic instability and mutations of p53 gene strongly affect the mechanism of carcinogenesis in SCC and CCMP. And there are relationship between genetic instability and point mutation at intron region of hMSH2 gene. However further evaluation and research is needed to establish relation between APC gene and other different kind of MMR gene.

키워드

산발성 대장-직장암;다발성 용종성 대장-직장암;유전적 불안정성;p53 유전자
Sporadic colorectal cancer;Colorectal cancer with multiple polyps;Genetic instability;p53 gene
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