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대장샘암종에서예후인자로서의Fascin, MMP-9 과발현과 Proliferating Index에 대한 면역조직 화학적 연구

Immunohistochemical Studies of Fascin, MMP-9 Overexpression, and Proliferating Index as Prognostic Factors in Cases of a Colon Adenocarcinoma

대한대장항문학회지 2009년 25권 6호 p.393 ~ 400
김범규 ( Kim Beom-Gyu ) - 중앙대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

하경원 ( Ha Kyung-Won ) - 중앙대학교 의과대학 병리학교실
박준석 ( Park Jun-Seok ) - 중앙대학교 의과대학 외과학교실
유재형 ( Yoo Jae-Hyung ) - 중앙대학교 의과대학 병리학교실

Abstract


Purpose: The malignant conversion of epithelial cells involves alterations in the expression and the function of cell-matrix and cell-cell adhesive systems that enable a switch to a migratory phenotype in tumor invasion and metastasis. Here, the author studies the prevalence and the potential clinical significance of fascin and Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression in relation to the progression of colon adenocarcinoma and of tumor cell proliferation as measured by using the topoisomerase II-α(Topo II-α) index.

Methods: Relatively well-preserved paraffin-embedded tissues of 120 cases of colon adenocarcinomas were immunohistochemically stained for fascin, MMP-9, and Topo II-αexpression. A reaction was determined as being positive when more than 10% of the cells were positive for fascin, and/or MMP-9. The Topo II-αindex is defined as the positive number of tumor cells divided by the total number of tumor cells counted times 100. At least 1,000 cells were counted for this analysis. A χ2 test, by using Epi info 2000, for Fascin and/or MMP-9 and a two-sided test for the Topo II-αindex were employed with a significance of P<0.05.

Results: Positive reactions for fascin and MMP-9 in colon adenocarcinomas were 44.2% and 56.7%, respectively. In clinically annotated tumors, fascin immunoreactivity was more common in tumors located in the right colon (P=0.014) and was associated with older age (>65 yr, P=0.028), tumor grading (P=0.009), and lymph node metastases (P=0.005). However, MMP-9 immunoreactivity was not statistically associated with age, gender, tumor stage, or lymph node metastases. Fascin expression was statistically associated with MMP-9 expression, especially for left colon adenocarcinomas (P=0.0032). Although the topo II-αproliferating index was associated with lymph node metastasis (P<0.01), this result was not statistically associated with Fascin or MMP-9 expression.

Conclusion: Fascin expression may be closely linked with tumor grading and lymph node metastasis of more aggressive colon adenocarcinomas and partly associated with MMP-9 expression in tumor invasion. However, further studies of fascin expression as an independent prognostic factor are required for the determination of significant relationships with other clinicopathologic indices.

키워드

Fascin;MMP-9;Topoisomerase II-α;대장샘암종
Fascin;MMP-9;Topoisomerase II-α;Colon adenocarcinoma
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