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Effects of DCA on Cell Cycle Proteins in Colonocytes

대한대장항문학회지 2010년 26권 4호 p.254 ~ 259
 ( Ha Yun-Hyung ) - 단국대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

박동국 ( Park Dong-Guk ) - 단국대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

Abstract


Purpose: Evidence that indicates bile acid is a promoter of colon cancer exists. Deoxycholic acid (DCA) modifies apoptosis or proliferation by affecting intracellular signaling and gene expression. However, because previous studies have been based on studies on colon cancer cell lines, the effect of DCA on normal colonocytes is unknown.

Methods: Normal colonocytes and Caco-2 and HCT116 cells were treated with 20 μM and 250 μM of DCA, and the effect of different concentrations of DCA was measured based on the expression of cell-cycle-related proteins by using Western blots.

Results: The expressions of CDK2 and cyclin D1 for different concentrations of DCA in normal colonocytes and colon cancer cells were similar, but the expressions of cyclin E and A were significantly different. In HCT116 colon cancer cells, the expression of cyclin E increased regardless of the DCA concentration, but in normal colonocytes and Caco-2 cells, the expression of cyclin E was not changed or decreased. In HCT116 colon cancer cells, the expression of cyclin A was not changed or decreased regardless of the DCA concentration, but in normal colonocytes and Caco-2 cells, the expression of cyclin A was increased at a DCA concentration of 20 μM.

Conclusion: The effect of DCA on stimulating cell proliferation suggests that DNA synthesis is stimulated by an increased expression of cyclin E in colon cancer cells. Our results suggest that a low dose of DCA induces cellular proliferation through increased expression of cyclin A and that a high dose of DCA induces decreased expression of cyclin E and CDK2 in normal colonocytes.

키워드

Deoxycholic acid; Cell cycle; Cyclin; Colonocyte; CDK2
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