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Short-term Outcomes of a Laparoscopic Left Hemicolectomy for Descending Colon Cancer: Retrospective Comparison with an Open Left Hemicolectomy

대한대장항문학회지 2010년 26권 5호 p.347 ~ 353
 ( Han Kil-Su ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

최규석 ( Choi Gyu-Seog ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 외과학교실
박준석 ( Park Jun-Seok ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 외과학교실
김혜진 ( Kim Hye-Jin ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 외과학교실
 ( Park Soo-Yeon ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 외과학교실
전수한 ( Jun Soo-Han ) - 경북대학교 의과대학 외과학교실

Abstract


Purpose Many randomized clinical trials have been performed to treat a colorectal neoplasm with the exclusion of descending colon cancer. The aim of the present study was to investigate the difference in surgical outcomes between a laparoscopic left hemicolectomy and a conventional open left hemicolectomy for descending colon cancer.

Methods A retrospective study of ninety patients with descending colon cancer, who underwent a laparoscopic (LAP) or open left hemicolectomy (OS) between May 1998 and December 2009 at Kyungpook National University Hospital, was performed. Clinicopathological and surgical outcomes were compared between the LAP and the OS for descending colon cancer.

Results The baseline characteristics, including age, gender, body mass index, history of prior abdominal surgical history and tumor location, were similar between the two groups. The mean operation time was 156.2 minutes for the LAP group and 223.2 minutes for the OS group (P < 0.001). Intraoperative blood loss was significantly greater in the OS group (37.5 mL vs. 80.4 mL; P = 0.039). The postoperative recovery in the LAP group was faster, as reflected by the shorter time to pass gas and the shorter hospital stay. Pathological examinations showed the surgery to be equally radical in the two groups. The median follow-up was 21 months and there were 3 distant metastases (8.5%) during follow-up in the LAP group, but no port-site or local recurrence.

Conclusion A laparoscopic left hemicolectomy is a technically safe and feasible procedure for treating descending colon cancer. Prospective multi-center trials are necessary to establish the LAP as the standard treatment for descending colon cancer.

키워드

Descending colon cancer; Left hemicolectomy; Laparoscopy; Surgical outcomes
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